Yearly Archives: 2009

Hotel, Resort and Chalet across Malacca

Hotels near Melaka Heritage City Center:

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Hotels near Melaka International Trade Center (MITC), Hang Tuah Jaya and Ayer Keroh Melaka:

Hotel near Melaka coastal and beach area in  Pengkalan Balak, Tanjung Bidara and Pantai Puteri di Melaka:

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TAMAN MINI MALAYSIA MELAKA

Small village in Mini Malaysia Park is definitely worth to visit. If you’re keen to learn about Malay traditional house in Malaysia, this is the place where you can view all 13 state house in one visit.

Taman Mini Malaysia & Mini Asean

Mini Malaysia is the first place I visit when I come to Melaka via Ayer Keroh exit (toll plaza) from PLUS highway. It’s roughly 2km from the toll. It’s not hard to find this place if you follow the brown signboard direction.

If you plans to visit more places, you can stay at Melaka town at discount price of accommodation. Please visit Melaka Hotels for more information.

Carpark is FREE but it’s limited on public holiday. There are few shop for your handicraft selection.

It was more than 10 years since my last visit. That time, the entrance is not like this beautiful. Entrance fees if not mistaken is below RM5. However, the entrance fees today is RM12.

It’s worthwhile if you explore into each state house to understand their design by master builders. The interiors are originally decorated to keep the ambience intact.

PERLIS Long Roofed House

This type of house slowly becoming extinct. The house dates back more than 70 years. The Perlis Long Roofed House is made from ‘Cengal’ and ‘Damar laut’ wood. Its walls are made from flattened bamboo strips interwoven in a pattern. Its roofing is made of sago or ‘Nipah’ palm and at times, Senggora tiles.

Penang Long Roofed House

There are different types of traditional Malay house can be found in Penang such as the Long Roofed House, ‘Rumah Serambi’ and ‘Rumah Serambi Gajah Menyusu’. ‘Serambi means verandah and ‘Gajah Menyusu’ means an elephant suckling her young.

Kedah Long Roofed House

The location of Kedah and Perlis makes the shape of the Kedah Long Roofed House and Perlis Long Roofed House almost similar except for the arrangement of the various sections of the house.

Perak Long Roofed House

The traditional Malay house in Perak is called the ‘Rumah Kutai’. ‘Kutai’ means old. Rumah Kutai only located by the banks of the Perak River. The main materials used are wood and bamboo. Wood is used for the posts and roof framework whilst the walls and floor are made of bamboo and the roof covering is from the sago palm.

Selangor Long Roofed House

The Selangor house dating back more than 60 years can still be found in the federal capital of Kuala Lumpur. These houses closely resemble those in Malacca and Negeri Sembilan due to their historical ties.

Negeri Sembilan Long Roofed House

It’s simply can be recognized by the design of the roof. It is the only house on the Malay to have a curved roof reminiscent of the Minangkabau roof of Sumatra. They are long and at the two ends of the roof are the gable ends, which arch upwards. The house is much smaller compare to other traditional house.

Malacca Long Roofed House

It can still be found in the whole of Malacca today. It is only traditional Malay housed which mainly can be recognized by its glazed and multicoloured tiles on the staircases which are imported from Europe and China. Flowers are a common motif. The house evinces a mixture of architectural influences, which mainly adopted from the traditional Chinese house.

Johore Five Roofed House

The traditional Malay House in Johore well known as ‘Rumah Limas Bugis’ or Bugis Five-Roofed House. The house style is influenced by the Bugis of Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is easily recognized by the long ridged roof, which is joined to four ridges, which project outwards to the four edges of the roof. The special about it is the edge of the roof is decorated with carvings.

Kelantan Long Roofed House

Traditional Malay house in Kelantan can be found in two types. They are the Single house and the Twelve Post House. The architecture of both does not differ greatly. The Twelve Post House still can be found in several villages as well as in Kota Bahru and dates back about 100 years.

Terengganu Five Roofed House

One of the traditional Malay houses are found in Terengganu is the’ Rumah Limas Bungkus’, which means five-roofed house. It is popular among the Terengganu Malays since the 20th century. Unfortunately, none are found today and those exist today date back only 40 or 50 years. The house can be easily recognized. The roof consists of a straight central ridge with four shorter ridges projecting down to the four edges of the roof. The edging immediately beneath the roofing is decorated with wooden carvings.

Pahang Long Roofed House

Architecturally, traditional houses in Pahang have more common with those of the west coast states, perhaps because the Bugis, a seafaring people from Sulawesi built many of the earliest houses. The traditional Malay house in Pahang is known as ‘Rumah Serambi Pahang’. This particular type is increasingly becoming extinct. However, it can still be found in several villages in Pahang.

Rumah Dusun Lutud (SABAH traditional house)

Rumah panjang SARAWAK (SARAWAK traditional house)

There are 12 traditional houses from ASEAN countries such as BRUNEI, SINGAPORE, INDONESIA, LAOS, MYANMAR, FILIPINA, THAILAND, CAMBODIA, VIETNAM and etc which I didn’t go due to it’s not open (door locked).

Other than houses, there are few hanging bridge around for fun and skytrek platform. Horse riding is available as well. I spent roughly 2 hours wandering around the park. It’s fun and relaxing although the weather is hot. I recommend to wear simple and bring an umbrella.

For hotel reservation and holiday package in Melaka, please contact us at:

World Heritage Travel & Tours Sdn. Bhd.,
Tel: 06-2817388
Faks: 06-2837388
HOTLINE: 019-7257388 (Ms Hana)
Email: [email protected]

World Heritage Melaka Trail

1. MALACCA TOURIST INFORMATION CENTRE
Your journey, very appropriately begins here. Centrally located in Old Malacca, the Malacca Tourist Centre lies between Chinatown and Dutch Square. From here your first destination is a bridge across the Malacca River.

2. MALACCA RIVER

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As you cross the bridge, look to tour left. In the distance is the rivermouth which once welcomed vessels of all shapes and sizes. Imagine, it was then a busy,noisy loading dock, crowded with mercahnts and their merchandise.

Turning into Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock, formely known as Heeren Street, the first thing you will notice is how narrow the street is. There is a standing joke that dogs have to wag their tails from side to side. Like all other streets in Chinatown it was originally built to accommodate oxcarts and rickshaws.


3. BABA NYONYA HERITAGE
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Jalan Tun Tan Cheng Lock was Malacca’s “Millionaire Row”. Here you will find some of the most equisite example of Baba Nyonya houses. Most of these houses display an interesting blend of Dutch and Chinese influences. One house definitely worth stopping at is No 117 with its Dutch architecture, courtyard and silver-painted dome. Of course, you must not miss the Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum, No 48 and 50, for an insight into a way of life that lasted unchanged pretty much until World War II. You will be amazed to discover how the narrow facade belies the airy spaciousness.


4. CHENG HOON TENG TEMPLE
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On Jalan Hng Lekir, you can see craftsmen constructing traditional Chinese coffins. You migh even be able to witness a typical Chinese funeral parlour. Only in Malacca is the ornate teakwood coffin covered with a gaily coloured canopy before it is conveyed to the cemetery. Turn right into Jalan Hang Jebat or Jonker Street, which known for its many antique and curio shops. You will notice that a number of the shops selling antique furniture belong ti members of the Kutty family.

In other shops you will find all types of antiques- from fragile porcelain and intricate jewellery o Chinese rosewood furniture. There are few shops selling curios, and one, Wah Aik Shoe Maker, still makes and sells little embroidered satin shoes for bound feet.While on this street look out for the oldest building in Malacca, a Dutch trading house built in 1610. Opposite it you will find a house with a very low roof- it is so low, you can touch the tiled roof with no effort at all. In this coffeeshop there is “wantan mee” stall run by two “amah cher”. Distinguished by their single pigtails and their black and white “samfoo”, these “amah’s” had come from China to work as domestics.

As you walk down any street in Chinatown, particularly along Jalan Hang Jebat, you will see itinerant hawkers calling out their wares. This used to be a common sight in any town in Malaysia,but it is not so anymore. Cut through Jalan Hang Lekiu and turn left into Jaln Tokong, or Temple Street, this street has been dubbed the “Street of Harmony” because the houses of prayer of three different religions lie on same side of the street in close proximity, coexisting in harmony for over three centuries.At the end of the street is the Cheng hoon Teng, or the Green Clouds TempleThe colourful stalls clustered around the entrance of the temple sell candles, joss paper and aromatic joss-stick required by devotees.

In the temple you will see devotees performing prayer rites that have been handed down from generation to generation, since the Chinese first settled in Malacca. Their modern dress makes a sharp contrast to the traditional robes worn by the Buddhist monk and nuns who serve the temple.


5. KAMPONG KLING MOSQUE
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Adjacent to the Cheng Hoon Teng Temple is the newest addition to the street, the buddhist temple of Siang Lin which boasts the large statue of Buddha made of carraras marble in the country.

Opposite Cheng Hoon Teng are shops selling more paraphernalia required for Taoist and Buddhist prayers. At no 11, you will see papier mache dollmakers at work. These papier mache dolls and items represent servants and luxuries, and they are burnt at funerals to ensure the recently departed a good start in the Underworld.

On the other side of Jalan Hang Lekiu is Jalan Tukang Emas, or Goldsmith Street. Here stands the Kampong Kling Mosque. Non-muslims are not permitted to enter the mosque proper but even the courtyard you will be able to appreciate the marvellous architectural touches that make this mosque so unique.

The Kampong Kling Mosque remains central to Malay community life. Centuries of prayer and contemplation have imbued the mosque with a tranquillity and intimacy that is absent from the more modern houses of prayer.

6. SRI POYYATHA VINAYAGAR TEMPLE

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This ancient Hindu temple is noteworthy for its traditional hallmarks like the minaret, which is decorate with little statue of deities and other mythological figures. Note the striking red figureines of cowns, the sacred animal of Hindus, along the eaves.

The temple is dedicated to the deity Vinayagar who is the favourite among the Hindus because it is believed that he is a remover of obstacles. He is also revered for his filial piety.

As you walk down Jalan Tukang Besi or Blacksmith Street, you can still see blacksmiths moulding their products over charcoal braziers. These skills have remained in the same families for over 300 years. The artisans cling to the belief that their luck resides in the wooden counters in their shops. Thus, although these counters are decades old and quite decrepit, their owners will not have them replaced for fear of losing their luck.

If you have the time, take a side trip along Jalan Hang Kasturi to see the tinsmiths and the bamboo craftsmen. Like the blacksmiths, these are traditional craftsmen. The tinsmith are kept busy producing lanterns, portable altars and other household items, while the bamboo craftsmen still practise the art of making intricate birdcages.

Turning back into Jalan Hang Jebat keep a watch out for Nattukottai moneylenders. These business are still run in the traditional fashion with the moneylenders sitting on the floor behind small tables.

7. CHRIST CHUCRH

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Back accros the river, you will find yourself on Jalan Kota, or Fort Terrace, which circles Dutch Square and St Paul’s Hill. Your first stop in Dutch Square should be Christ Chuch, the oldest functioning protestant church in the country.

Originally a Dutch Reform Church, it was later consecrated as an Anglican Church. Visitors of the Anglican faith will find it qiute interesting to attend Mass at Christ Church as it is conducted in English,Mandarin and Tamil to cater to the multi-ethnic congregation.

Next to the church is the General Post Office, another example of Dutch architecture. Opposite the post office, along the bank of Malacca River, you will notice a number of public scribes sitting with portable typewriters under shady trees. Once these men were indispensable, helping the illiterate conduct their official and personal business, but now they are a dying breed.

8. ST PAUL’S HISTORICAL COMPLEX

Three of the oldest building in Malacca are located in the vicinity of St Paul’s Hill. At the foot of the hill you will find the Stadhuys, on the other side, Porta de Santiago and at the peak, St Paul’s Church.

STADHUYS

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Walking along Jalan Kota you will arrive at the Stadhuys, once the residence of the Dutch Governor of Malacca and his officers. Built around 1650, it is a testimony to the solidity of Dutch masonry and woodwork, as well as their ingenuity in adopting their native architecture to the humid climate of Malacca, with the inclusion of large windows and wide verandah. Today, the Stadthuys houses the Malacca Ethnographical and Historical Museum.

At the base of the Stadthuys, you will find a plaque with a roll of honor commemorating the members of the Malacca Volunteer Corps who fell during World War II. In front of the Stadthuys in Dutch Square is the Queen Victoria Fountain, erected by the citizen of Malacca to commemorate her Diamond Jubilee. The Tan Beng Swee Clock Tower was erected in 1886 but it is obvious an attempt had been made to blend it in with the older Dutch buildings around it.


ST PAUL’S CHURCH
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A short climb up St Paul’s Hill will bring you to the ruins of St Paul’s Church. Just imagine, this same path was taken by a saint in the olden days! The church was built by the Portugese in 1521 and St Francis Xavier first preached here in 1545. Aside from his efforts to spread Christianity in the Far East, St Francis was associated with a number of miracles.

Inside the church there is an open, empty tomb where his “incorrupt” body was temporarily placed before it was moved to Basilica of Bom Jesus in Goa, India. The marble statue of St Francis in front of the church was erected to commemorate the fourth centenary of his temporary burial in the church. You will come across an unusual sight of ruins of battlements and cannons in the church. This is a remnant of the Dutch era when the church was converted into an extension of A Famosa. The Dutch had even turned the altar into a cannon embrasure.

As u leave the church, take a moment to look out over the straits of Malacca in the distance. Where once, centuries ago, you would have had a commanding view of junks and galleys jostling for space, now you may see a solitary oil tanker anchored far off in the distance.

PORTA DE SANTIAGO

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At the foot of St Paul’s Hill is Porta de Santiago, all that remains of A Famosa. Every Malaysian schoolchild will be able to tell you the story of how the fort was built by the portugese in 1512 under the command of Alfonso d’Albuquerque. The date “Anno 1607” inscribed over the portal marks the overthrow of the Portugese by the Ducth. For good measure, the Dutch conquerors also included the crest of the United Dutch East India Company above the date.

In the early 19th century, the British East India Company decided to demolish the fort. Fortunately, Sir Stamford Raffles realised the historical significance of the fort and his timely intervention “saved” Porta de Santiago for posterity.

For many centuries, A Famosa sstood as a symbol of Malacca’s importance as a trading centre between East and West. Today, its ruins remains as a timeless evocation of Malacca’s history-and more.

On Sundays and auspicious days, you can see a parade of Chinese bridal couples happily posing for photographs on Warriors Field in front of Porta de Santiago. They believe that by doing so their marriages will be as enduring as the fort.

9. MALACCA SULTANATE PALACE

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Proceeding from Porta de Santiago, you will come across another Christian cemetery. Here there are few unoccupied grave-side, which had been dug in the 17th century for Ducth subjects.
To the left of the cemetery is the Malacca Sultanate Palace. This replica of the original 15th century palace of Malacca extinct sultanate is based on sketches found in the ancient Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals). It houses the Malacca Cultural Museum.

Opposite the palace is the Historic City Memorial Garden. There is a strong Islamic influence permeating the garden, in the manner the structures are built and decorate. The focus of this garden is the monument to be quite intriguing as it is topped with a replica of a malay royal headdress, a symbol of the Malaysian citizen’s allegiance to the throne.


10. PROCLAMATION OF INDEPENDENCE MEMORIAL
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Next to the Historic City Memorial Garden is the Proclamation of Independence Memorial. Malaccans still tend to refer to this quaint old building by its original name, the Malacca Club. Its new name is appropriate as the proclamation of Malaya’s independence was made by Malaysia’s first Prome Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, at Padang Pahlawan or Warriors Field just across the road.

On his field, you will find the Independence Obelisk. This modest monument marks the spot where the last British Residence of Malacca handed the instrument of independent to the first local Governor of Malacca on August 31,1957. The “M” on all four sides stands for “MERDEKA”, the Malay word for independence,

After this you will head back towards the Tourist Information Centre, from where you started this Heritage Trail into the heart of Old Malacca. This trail has been made possible by a generous grant from the American Express Foundation

Melaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca

Date of Inscription: 2008
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(iv)
Property : 148.0000 ha
Buffer zone: 284.0700 ha
N5 25 17 E100 20 45
Ref: 1223

Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca have developed over 500 years of trading and cultural exchanges between East and West in the Straits of Malacca. The influences of Asia and Europe have endowed the towns with a specific multicultural heritage that is both tangible and intangible. With its government buildings, churches, squares and fortifications, Melaka demonstrates the early stages of this history originating in the 15th-century Malay sultanate and the Portuguese and Dutch periods beginning in the early 16th century. Featuring residential and commercial buildings, George Town represents the British era from the end of the 18th century. The two towns constitute a unique architectural and cultural townscape without parallel anywhere in East and Southeast Asia.

Outstanding Universal Value

Melaka and George Town, Malaysia, are remarkable examples of historic colonial towns on the Straits of Malacca that demonstrate a succession of historical and cultural influences arising from their former function as trading ports linking East and West. These are the most complete surviving historic city centres on the Straits of Malacca with a multi-cultural living heritage originating from the trade routes from Great Britain and Europe through the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and the Malay Archipelago to China. Both towns bear testimony to a living multi-cultural heritage and tradition of Asia, where the many religions and cultures met and coexisted. They reflect the coming together of cultural elements from the Malay Archipelago, India and China with those of Europe, to create a unique architecture, culture and townscape.

Criterion (ii): Melaka and George Town represent exceptional examples of multi-cultural trading towns in East and Southeast Asia, forged from the mercantile and exchanges of Malay, Chinese, and Indian cultures and three successive European colonial powers for almost 500 years, each with its imprints on the architecture and urban form, technology and monumental art. Both towns show different stages of development and the successive changes over a long span of time and are thus complementary.

Criterion (iii): Melaka and George Town are living testimony to the multi-cultural heritage and tradition of Asia, and European colonial influences. This multi-cultural tangible and intangible heritage is expressed in the great variety of religious buildings of different faiths, ethnic quarters, the many languages, worship and religious festivals, dances, costumes, art and music, food, and daily life.

Criterion (iv): Melaka and George Town reflect a mixture of influences which have created a unique architec¬ture, culture and townscape without parallel anywhere in East and South Asia. In particular, they demonstrate an exceptional range of shophouses and townhouses. These buildings show many different types and stages of development of the building type, some originating in the Dutch or Portuguese periods.

The integrity of the nominated areas in both towns is related to the presence of all the elements necessary to express their Outstanding Universal Value. The properties have retained their authenticity; listed monuments and sites have been restored with appropriate treatments regarding design, materials, methodologies, techniques and workmanship, in accordance with conservation guidelines and principles.

The protective measures for the properties are adequate. Both towns exhibit a generally acceptable state of conservation, although efforts are required to ensure the conservation of shophouses. The management plans and structures are adequate, and can be enhanced through the continuing conservation programs of the State Party.

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